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About Georgia

About Georgia

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Geographic Location

Georgia is located in the South Caucasus region. Russia is bordering Georgia (723 km) to the north, Azerbaijan (322 km) to the south-east, Armenia (164 km.) to the south, Turkey (252 km.) to the south-west and Black Sea (315 km) to the west. Time Zone: UTC (UTC+4) / GMT (London) + 4 hours, east European time (Germany) + 3 hours.

723 KM
322 KM
Black Sea
315 KM
251 KM
164 KM

Facts And Figures



69,700 M





Official Language

99.7 %


Lari (GEL)


USD 16.5 billion


USD 3,680

GDP Per Capita

Climate In Georgia

Georgia's location at the line of subtropical and moderate climate zones, physical geographical conditions, composite relief, Black Sea and the Caucasus Range make its climate diverse and original.

The climate varies considerably from east to west. Much of the western Georgia lies within the northern periphery of the humid subtropical zone with average midwinter temperature of +5C and average midsummer temperature +22°C.

Moderate continental climate is represented in East Georgia. Average temperature in summer here is +20°+24°C and +2°+4°C in winter. Temperature is below 0° C at 2500 m and higher during the whole year, year-round snow and glaciers are typical for high mountains above 3,600 meters.

Terrain and Landscape

Georgia is mountainous country. Mountains occupy 54% of the country, hills - 33 % and lowlands only 13 %. Georgia's four main orographic units include: Main Caucasus Range, Georgian Lowland, Small Caucasus Range and South Volcanic Plateau. The highest peak of the country is Mount Shkhara - 5203 m.

Although Georgia occupies small territory a wide spectrum of natural-territorial landscapes from semi-deserts (East Georgia) and humid subtropical (West Georgia) to Alpine meadows makes its nature attractive.