Georgia's location at the line of subtropical and moderate climate zones, physical geographical conditions, composite relief, Black Sea and the Caucasus Range make its climate diverse and original.
The climate varies considerably from east to west. Much of the western Georgia lies within the northern periphery of the humid subtropical zone with average midwinter temperature of +5C and average midsummer temperature +22°C.
Moderate continental climate is represented in East Georgia. Average temperature in summer here is +20°+24°C and +2°+4°C in winter. Temperature is below 0° C at 2500 m and higher during the whole year, year-round snow and glaciers are typical for high mountains above 3,600 meters.
Georgia is mountainous country. Mountains occupy 54% of the country, hills - 33 % and lowlands only 13 %. Georgia's four main orographic units include: Main Caucasus Range, Georgian Lowland, Small Caucasus Range and South Volcanic Plateau. The highest peak of the country is Mount Shkhara - 5203 m.
Although Georgia occupies small territory a wide spectrum of natural-territorial landscapes from semi-deserts (East Georgia) and humid subtropical (West Georgia) to Alpine meadows makes its nature attractive.